Richard B. Gilbert was born in Taylorsville, KY, graduated from the University of Louisville Medical Department in 1868. In 1868 he was acting medical cadet, U.S. Army. He was then sent to Owensboro as an assistant surgeon. He went into private practice in Owensboro and served as the city physicia. He moved back to Louisville where he was a demonstrator of anatomy and professor of pediatrics at UofL. He also served in city government: on the Board of Education, and the Board of Aldermen. He was appointed to the U.S. Board of Pension as an examining surgeon for Jefferson County under President Grover Cleveland and elected as the State Medical Examiner. He is known for his invention of a coal oil heated baby incubator.