Green Street Baptist Church, one of Kentucky's oldest African American churches, was founded in 1844 by George Wells as an offshoot of the First Baptist Church. The church originally bore the name Second African Church and then Second Colored Church. The present name was adopted around 1860. The collection contains minutes documenting membership, policy changes, disciplinary methods, letters, newspaper clippings, and photographs. Minutes of the building committee from 1924 to 1929, the choir's minutes, ledger, and attendance from 1935 to 1938 are present, along with later documentation such as a sesquicentennial celebration book and calendar, 1844 to 1994, and programs noting other anniversaries. The history of Green Street Baptist is outlined in a six-page unpublished historical sketch, "The Building of a Sanctuary," by Raoul Cunningham.
Founded as Second African Baptist Church, it was known for a time as Second Colored Baptist Church, and took the name Green Street Baptist Church around 1860. Pastors have been George Wells, 1844-1850; Richard Sneathen, 1852-1872; Daniel A. Gaddie, 1872-1911; H. Wise Jones, 1912-1950; and J. V. Bottoms, 1950 to the present. The congregation moved to its present location, 519 E. Gray Street in the Phoenix Hill area, in 1930.